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National Geophysical Committee

ngc

The history of the National Geophysical Committee of Russia dates back to the 1950-s.

1957 was announced as the International Geophysical Year (IGY). The programme of the IGY involved activities in seismology, gravimetry, and geoelectricity. The decision to hold the IGY was supported by International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, International Scientific Radio Union, and International Council of Scientific Unions.

A Special Committee for the IGY (CSAGI), headed by Sydney Chapman (UK), was formed to coordinate the activity of different countries and to develop the general scientific research programme. Dr. Lloyd Berkner (USA) was initially appointed as the vice-president of CSAGI. Then this post was assigned to a prominent Soviet scientist, corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of USSR Dr. Vladimir Belousov.

Like in other IGY participant countries in the Soviet Union an Interdepartmental Committee for the IGY preparation and planning was formed by a governmental decree. This organisation was headed by a prominent geophysisist, academician Grigory Gamburtsev. After his death in 1955 the Committee was headed by the AS USSR vice-president academician Ivan Bardin.

As the vice-chairmen the following were appointed:

  • corr. member Dr. Vladimir Belousov, an outstanding geologist
  • corr. member Dr. Yuri Boulanger, a prominent gravimetry analyst
  • prof. Dr. Nikolai Pushkov, an authority on geomagnetism
  • academician Dr. Theophan Davitaya, an authority on meteorology

Dr. Valeria Troitskaya was appointed as the academic secretary.

Within the Committee the following Sections were organized:

  • Global geophysics
  • Meteorology and atmospheric physics
  • Geomagnetism
  • Aurora and airglow
  • Solar activity
  • Cosmic rays
  • Ionosphere
  • Meteor
  • Latitude and longitude
  • Oceanology
  • Glaciology
  • Seismology
  • Gravimetry
  • Space rockets and artificial satellites

These sections developed a detailed plan of the USSR participation within the IGY. It was coordinated with programmes in other countries and main objectives introduced by the CSAGI.

In January 1961 on the basis of the Soviet IGY Committee an Interdepartmental Geophysical Committee under the AS USSR Presidium was organized.

Its functions involved:

  • coordination and planning of complex geophysical research within international projects and programmes;
  • providing USSR participation in certain bodies within the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) and International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG);
  • providing international scientific data exchange;
  • publishing the results of the international projects and programmes.

For nearly 30 years (1961–1990) the Committee was directed by Dr. Vladimir Belousov. From 1960 till 1963 Dr. Belousov was in the office of the IUGG President.

On the basis of the Interdepartmental Geophysical Committee in June 1992 the National Geophysical Committee of Russia was formed. The Committee became the national representative of Russia in the IUGG.

From 1993 till 2004 the National Geophysical Committee of Russia was directed by a well-known seismologist, corr. member of RAS Gennady Sobolev.

On 26 December 2006 (by the decree of the Bureau of RAS Branch of Geology, Geophysics, Geochemistry and mining sciences 13000.11-99) аcademician of RAS Dr. Alexei Gvishiani was approved as the President of the National Geophysical Committee of Russia.

Website: http://ngc.gcras.ru/

News
September 30, 2019.Director of GC RAS, corresponding member of RAS Anatoly Soloviev will take part in the VII International Conference “Dangerous natural and technogenic processes in mountain regions: models, systems, technologies” dedicated to the 70th anniversary of Professor Vladislav Borisovich Zaalishvili, and as a member of the Scientific Council, and will make a presentation “Multicriteria assessment of seismic hazard using geoinformatics methods”. The conference will be held in Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, from September 30 to October 2, 2019.

September 9-20, 2019. A. A. Odintsova, Researcher at the Laboratory for Innovative Projects of GC RAS, took part in the CAS & CODATA Joint International Training Workshop on Scientific Big Data and Machine Learning, which took place at the Computer Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Beijing, China).

September 19, 2019. Corresponding Member of RAS, Dr. Sc., Director of GC RAS Anatoly Soloviev made a presentation “Mathematical Methods for Processing Terrestrial and Satellite Based Geomagnetic Measurement Flows to Expand Knowledge about the Earth’s magnetic field" at a meeting of the Scientific Council on Geochemistry of Earth Sciences Branch of RAS. His presentation aroused great interest of the audience, as scientists saw a new approach to the study of the Earth and the ability to use these results in their scientific works.

September 17-18, 2019. In Beijing, the Chinese national CODATA committee held an international workshop "Open Research Data Policy and Practice". The workshop was attended by representatives of the National Russian Committee of CODATA: Academician A.D. Gvishiani, Chief Scientist of GC RAS and Vice President of CODATA, Deputy Director for Development of GC RAS A.I. Rybkina.

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